The power plant has a 20 generating units with a total production capacity of 14,000 MW. By the year 2000, the facility was generating some 94% of Paraguay's energy supply and about 20% of Brazil's. The Itaipú Reservoir, created by the dam, stretches nearly 100 mi (161 km) upstream; Guairá Falls is submerged by its waters.
Reason to Be Selected
The reservoir behind the dam extends up to 161 kilometers along the river, forming an artificial lake with a depth of 250 meters, a total area of 1,350 square kilometers, and a total storage capacity of 29 billion cubic meters. Since its improvement in 1990, the power generation capacity of 18 turbine units of Itaipu Hydropower Station has reached 12.6 million kilowatts.
Highlights:The construction of the dam began in October 1975 and was not completed until 1982, at a total cost of $ 20 billion.
The Itaipu Dam was built on the Parana River flowing between Brazil and Paraguay.
It is 7744 meters long and 196 meters high. After the two power and energy crises in the 1970s, the Brazilian government decided to jointly build the world ’s largest hydropower station with the Paraguayan government.
The electricity produced by Itaipu Hydropower Station is shared between Brazil and Paraguay.
It can not only meet all the electricity demand of Paraguay, but also supply more than 30% of the electricity consumption of Brazil. 38% of the electricity in major industrial areas such as Sao Paulo, Rio de Janeiro and Minas Gerais comes from Itaipu Hydropower Station.