Reason to Be Selected
The SPN is based on four main innovative components:
• using a spatial-based multi-criteria analysis performed through a geographic information system;
• integrating people's needs and preferences into a pedestrian navigation system;
• evaluating and ranking the streets / areas according to their walkability;
• supporting a pedestrian navigation system, an innovative technological application, to help pedestrians find suitable footpaths according to specific criteria and preferences.
The SPN model was applied to the historic centre and surrounding neighbourhoods. Minho University is negotiating with the municipality to apply this model in larger area of the city.
Modelling is a powerful tool to study the complex urban environment. This research combined the results of GIS and space syntax tools for making a model that the city can develop into an SPN, considering the optimal paths that are compatible with movement of pedestrians. The results show the walkability of Porto and the configuration and connectivity of the pedestrian network.
The absence of a pedestrian network has a direct impact on the level of pedestrian activity and satisfaction. This model allocates a priority to streets; the higher the priority the more important this street is for the strength of the pedestrian network.
This prioritisation can guide urban planning and support decisions in Porto. It is also very useful for policymakers and decision-makers when it comes to making investment decisions for the future pedestrian network. All these improvements are important to strengthen the network and to enlarge the share of walking. This in turn contributes to sustainable urban mobility.