The Zhongshan Shipyard Park
Turenscape   May 07.2016


This park was built upon an old shipyard and brown field. The design explains itself as to how landscape architects can turn a wrecked site into a beautiful, meaningful and functional place, as well as to the important role landscape architects can play in urban renovation. The shipyard was originally built in the 1950s and went bankrupt in 1999. 

Though small in scale, it reflects the remarkable 50 year history of socialist China, including the cultural revolution of the 1960s and 70s . It is therefore a space to remember and tell stories to those who did not experience this period of history.

Reason to Be Selected

From the preservation of vegetation along the old lake shore, the protection of old banyan trees along the river side, the reuse of rails, the decoration of water towers and the placing and reuse of dilapidated machines, to the creation of the red box, all original required elements are carefully designed to fulfill the design intention set forth at project inception.

 Function reigns supreme in this design. This is evident in the network of paths that link unique locations and exits, the reuse of docks for tea houses and club houses, the accessible terraces planted with native plants, the light tower made from the former water tower, and the paving under trees where shadow boxing can be practiced.


The park merges into the urban fabric through a network of paths and urban facilities that were extended into the park, such as docks that are reused for tea houses (local people customarily drink tea in tea houses). 

Water elements merge via the inlet from the sea that fluctuates along with ocean tides. 

The principle of reducing, reutilizing and recycling natural and man-made materials is well followed in this project. 

Original vegetation, soil and natural habitats were preserved, just as only native plants were used throughout the park. Machines, docks and other structures were reutilized for educational, aesthetic and functional purposes.

Park is located in Zhongshan City, Guangdong Province, with a total area of ​​10.3 hectares. The site was originally a Guangdong-based shipyard, and its design emphasizes the beauty of the culture and the beauty of the weeds. The water surface is 3.6 hectares, the water surface is connected with the Lancang River, and the Lancang River is affected by the sea tide. The daily water level can reach 1.1 meters. The main idea of ​​park design is to make full use of the original vegetation of the shipyard, to reuse the urban land, and to build an open public leisure place that reflects the cultural characteristics of the industrialized era. Around this theme, a series of park features are formed, of which ecological and hydrophilic are one of the main features of the park. This article will focus on the ecological and hydrophilic design of the lakeshore.

There are two main problems facing the ecological and hydrophilic design under the change of water level: first, the water level of the lake changes with the water level of the Lancang River; second, there is a deep mud at the bottom of the lake, and the lakeshore is very unstable. 

The current situation is that when the water level is high, the lake is near the shore, the vegetation on the shore is connected with the waterline, and it has a good visual effect. However, this high water level can only be maintained for a short time. When the water level drops, the mud on the lake is exposed. People are also difficult to get close. 

Therefore, the challenge for designers is how to design a lush ecological and ecological land boundary with a variable water level and unstable geology, so that people can be close to the water and make water-biologically-People can be symbiotic in a marginal ecological environment. At the same time, this ecological design must be beautiful, only the beauty of the ecology can evoke the user's identity. In the face of the above problems, in addition to solving the problem of solid soil revetment on the project, the design proposes three basic objectives: hydrophilic, ecological and beautiful.

This park is environmentally friendly, educational, and full of cultural and historical meanings. It calls people to pay attention to culture and history that has not yet been designated as formal or “traditional.” It is about the common man, as well as an environment ethic that states, “Weeds are beautiful.”In response to the above problems and challenges, the design of the trestle-type hydrophilic lakeshore was tried in this case. 

There are three specific ways:

1. Terraced planting table: 3~4 retaining wall is built at the bottom of the lake between the highest and lowest water levels. The top of the wall can be covered at different water levels, and the surrounding space of the wall is backfilled with silt, thus forming a series of Terraced aquatic and wet planting stations that are fully or partially flooded at different times.

2. Linshui Trestle: On this terraced planting platform, a series of square grid-like waterfront walkways are randomly selected. They also change with high and low frequency changes with the change of water level. They can approach the water surface and various aquatic plants. , wet plants and living things. At the same time, the water flow is allowed to rise and fall freely, while the tall water plants can cover the overhead part of the retaining wall and the trestle. People walk on it just like swimming in the water or plants.

3. Inter-hydraulic plant community: According to the change of water level and water depth, the native plants are selected to form the aquatic-margin-wet-middle-medium plant community zone, all plants are wild native plants, making the Minjiang Park a variety of native aquatic The display of plants allows people who are far away from nature and live in cities to have the opportunity to appreciate the beauty of nature and wild plants. At the same time, with the formation of aquatic plant communities, many wild animals and insects can also inhabit and proliferate. The selected wild plants include: aquatic lotus, white, calamus, sedge, mushroom, etc.; wet and medium-sized including reed, sedge grass, white stalk and other thatch, bitter buckwheat and so on.


Lat: 22.5112
Lng: 113.406
Region: Asia
Scale: District
Field: Landscape
City: Zhongshan